The second century

huntWulf-Heinz Pflaumer & Franz Wonisch


In 1992, the hundred-year old company no longer had a member of the founding family in its management, and there were concerns that it would be bought by a foreign investor. In the spring of 1993, just before acquisition by the Austrian company Steyr-Mannlicher, two well-known figures from Germany’s arms industry stepped in and saved the day. Wulf-Heinz Pflaumer and Franz Wonisch, managing shareholders of the Arnsberg-based Umarex Group, took over the venerable Carl Walther company, thus keeping it in German hands.

The purchase came as a complete surprise to Germany’s conservative arms manufacturers. With its broad range of blank-firing guns and low-cost, imported recreational air rifles and pistols, Umarex had been regarded as something of an outsider ever since it was founded in 1972. But by 1993 the Arnsberg company had a strong financial position and was already the world’s leading vendor of gas signal guns. Moreover, when directors Pflaumer and Wonisch took the helm in Ulm, they gave the employees a promise that let them breathe a sigh of relief: all profits earned by Umarex in the previous year would be invested directly in Walther – opening up prospects for a secure future.

With their purchase of 90 percent of the Walther shares (the rest remained with Ira and Jürgen Walther), the trained gunsmith Pflaumer and the electrical engineer Wonisch came full circle: Their company had been founded using the drawings of the engineer Walter Riem, who had designed the Perfecta blank firing pistol in 1937 while working for Fritz Walther in Zella-Mehlis. Walter Riem and the brothers Karl and Paul Mayer were business partners when Wulf-Heinz Pflaumer joined Mayer & Riem KG, first as a fully authorized signatory and manager. Thus the company, which had been making Perfecta pistols in Arnsberg-Neheim since 1952, began its rise in 1972 to become the world’s leading vendor of blank-firing guns. In 1979 it acquired Reck Sportwaffenfabrik Karl Arndt and for a short time took on the name Uma-Reck. This was later changed to Umarex, a name that was easier for international customers to understand. Wulf-Heinz Pflaumer had been a managing partner since 1973 and was in charge of marketing and sales. In 1979 Franz Wonisch also became a managing partner, with responsibility for engineering and finance. By obtaining numerous licenses from makers of well-known firearms over the following years it was able to manufacture blank-firing replicas that could be sold over the counter. And now, by acquiring Walther, it was finally able to manufacture the top-selling Walther PPK with the original banner logo.

Family PflaumerEyck & Wulf-Heinz Pflaumer

Walther’s new shareholders went right to work. In 1994, the new LGM-2 match air rifle was put to the test at the German Championships, which were held at the Olympic shooting range in Munich. This was also the venue for the Walther Cup. Here 20 air-rifle teams from all over Germany competed for valuable prizes using LGM-2 air rifles provided by the company. The finalists were chosen from more than 1,000 teams, and after the victory of the “Bund München” team the competition focused on a very special first prize: a specially equipped “Walther Cup” Mercedes C180 Sport. The happy winner was Hannes Hirschvogel from Germany’s national team.

Family WonischFranz & Martin Wonisch

pistolsThe legendary Walther PPK and below the futuristic Walther P99

Having experienced a number of difficult years, Walther was now back in business – and where it had always been strongest: as a maker of pistols. At the IWA in 1996 it surprised the industry with a completely new large-caliber pistol, featuring a polymer frame instead of the traditional frame made of steel or light metal. Pflaumer and Wonisch had successfully recruited Horst Wesp, the technical director of Steyr-Mannlicher, as the new chief designer. The Walther P99 developed by Wesp and his team was revolutionary: it had a hammerless striker system with a decocking lever in front of the rear sight and variable trigger systems. The latter feature was to become especially attractive to future customers with large-volume orders: they were able to choose between double action / single action, a partly pre-cocked system, and double action only. The P99 also had innovative ergonomic features: a double-column 16-round magazine with a width of only 26 mm, interchangeable backstraps for different hand sizes and a practical ambidextrous magazine release lever integrated in the trigger guard.

In addition, Walther regained its status as a top name in international target shooting. An important role was played by the cutting-edge LG300 family, including the powerful LG300 Dominator for the increasingly popular sport of field target shooting. Another favorite was the KK300 small-bore rifle. Among the handguns the LP300, the SSP sport pistol and the GSP Expert, an updated version of the already legendary GSP, were especially admired by sport shooters.

Walther Firmengeb?ude heute

After resumption of production in a number of product areas and new business growth, it became apparent that the existing facilities in Ulm could not be expanded as much as needed. Together with the city of Ulm, mayor Ivo G?nner and Ulm’s business development agency, the company therefore found suitable property in Lehrer Feld, outside the city. A major advantage of this location was its access to the nearby autobahn. In 2004, construction began on a modern new building with 12,000 square meters of floor space. A year later the facility was ready for use, and in 2006 it was dedicated on the occasion of the company’s 120th anniversary. The relocation gave Walther a chance to optimize its machinery and equipment, and it created space for meetings, product presentations and on-the-job training.

H?mmerli LogoThe new company building in Ulm since 2005

In 2006 a new business opportunity arose. Walther succeeded in acquiring the trademarks of the Swiss sporting weapons manufacturer H?mmerli. Founded almost 150 years earlier in 1863, the company had been a stock corporation since 1947. It had changed hands several times after being sold in the late 1990s by the Schweizerische Industrie-Gesellschaft (SIG), which had divested itself of all arms companies. Walther and H?mmerli already had connections that reached back for decades. After the war, the Swiss company had manufactured Walther’s Olympia sport pistol under license because occupation laws prohibited the manufacture of firearms in Ulm. After the integration of H?mmerli and relocation of the warehouse and some machines to Ulm, Walther was able to continue making a number of H?mmerli’s world-famous products and even introduce new models. Today, products like the H?mmerli AR20 air rifle, the AP20 air pistol and the X-Esse sport pistol are addressed to ambitious beginners and gun clubs that need high-quality sporting arms at a reasonable price. In terms of design and function, by the way, the X-Esse can be seen as the great-grandchild of Walther’s famous Olympia pistol of 1932 – a truly fine pedigree.

Walther book

Walther - A German Success Story
If you are interested in the company's history: This book, in two volumes, was conceived to celebrate the 125-year anniversary of the firm Carl Walther GmbH. This successful German company had its beginnings in the 19th century in, what was then, the town of Zella St. Blasii (Thuringia), as a gunsmith workshop. The first book begins with an overview of the events that occurred in the early 1990s, which brought the hand of fate in leading the Walther Company to merge with the Umarex Group. The historical portion addresses the origin of the Walther family business. The roots can be traced back to the 18th century, through the reigns of kings and emperors, two world wars, the total dismantling of the business in Zella-Mehlis, and the re-establishment of same in Ulm, all in concert with the economic renewal era of the Federal Republic of Germany. The second volume begins with the 1993 management change and is dedicated to the dynamic advances Walther made in the world market. Their creative new models and innovative sport promotions, with which Walther played an important role, firmly positioned them in the new century.

    The first century

Walther today    


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